What is Memory Care?
Although assisted living communities may have memory care units on the premises, the two types of care are not synonymous. Memory care is a distinct form of long-term skilled nursing that specifically caters to patients with Alzheimer's disease, dementia and other types of memory problems.
Generally, if a person is no longer able to care for him or herself and cannot be safely cared for by an untrained family member or loved one because of Alzheimer or other forms of dementia, memory care may be a good option.
In Texas, assisted living facilities have to be licensed and this includes facilities that provide memory care. There is also a separate certification for facilities that provide care to patients with Alzheimer's and related diseases in the state of Texas.
About Memory Care Facilities
Memory care facilities may provide private rooms, rooms with roommates, or private apartments. Memory care staff usually specialize in caring for people with impaired mental and memory function due to Alzheimer's and other types of dementia, and the services they offer may range from light housekeeping and help with both household chores and intimate hygiene activities to skilled nursing care.
The layout and function of a memory care facility will usually be different than that of a regular nursing home or assisted living facility. The floor plan is generally set up to discourage wandering behavior, which Alzheimer's patients are especially susceptible to at night. It is supervised and monitored on a 24 / 7 basis, often by both security teams and medical staff. Hallways, rooms and buildings may be locked or otherwise secured so that residents cannot endanger themselves by leaving the building at night.
Memory care facilities often employ more staff in general than assisted living or other more general facilities, because so many different types of services are needed on a 24 / 7 basis.
These facilities also require a larger ratio of skilled medical staff who can help administer medicines because it can be difficult for Alzheimer's patients and other sufferers of dementia to remember which medications to take and whether or when to take them as well as serve the diverse medical needs of those suffering from cognitive disease. This is just one factor contributing to the cost of memory care.
What Does Memory Care Costs?
Because these facilities provide such a broad range of services, they can be quite expensive compared to general assisted living facilities although your costs can vary depending on where you live and the services offered.
According to Genworth.com, in 2012, the U.S. national average cost of memory care for a single resident was almost $5,000 a month. This cost does vary widely by care facility, however. For example, some communities were as low as $1,500 per month and other communities as high as $7,000 per month.
Some memory care facilities have programs that are designed to help reduce the symptoms of cognitive disorders and slow the progress of Alzheimer's and dementia. Symptoms such as sundowning, when an Alzheimer's patient grows increasingly agitated and aggressive at night, as well as wandering and general aggression can also be relieved or reduced in the right facility with staff trained to handle and defuse these symptoms.
Benefits of Memory Care
Often, cognitive therapy is available as well. Memory care units will frequently have visiting psychiatrists or psychologists who specialize in dementia treatment and alleviation, and who can advise regarding appropriate medications as no Alzheimer's or dementia patient is the same, and getting the combination of medications right can be a challenging trial and error process.
Most memory care facilities also include sensory and social stimulation programs such as games, art or music classes, and other activities. Memory care facilities often try to provide opportunities for residents to interact with groups for socialization purposes. These activities keep the patient's minds active and occupied, reducing aggressive symptoms and agitation.
If your loved one is suffering from Alzheimer's or another form of dementia; and if they can no longer be cared for safely at home, a memory care unit may be a good option.
Memory care facilities are
equipped to provide the supervised, round-the-clock care that many
patients suffering from impaired cognition need as well as the
safety, security, and socialization programs that can make their
lives richer and fuller, despite their illness.
Elder Options of Texas
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