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Texas Medicaid Eligibility Requirements

Texas Medicaid Star Plus

Elderly man in nursing home

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Medicaid is a joint federal and state program. The Texas Medicaid program is a unique combination of federally-mandated minimum coverage and state-determined optional coverage that help pay for medical care and supportive services for eligible individuals based on income and resources.

Medicaid may pay all or part of nursing home costs for eligible clients through the Medicaid Nursing Facility Program; however, clients contribute toward their care, based on income and other considerations.

Texas Medicaid Star&Plus

What was formerly known as the Community Based Alternatives program is now referred to in Texas as the STAR&PLUS Managed Care Medicaid waiver.The program pays for care provided in the home or assisted living as an alternative to nursing homes for those who remain in the community.

Though different in name, the STAR&PLUS waiver has the same financial and functional restrictions as its predecessor, such as requiring applicants to be age 65 or older, or disabled, meet "medical necessity" and meet the income and asset levels for Texas Long-Term Care Medicaid.

Medical necessity is a prerequisite for participation in the Long-Term Care Medicaid program, and the individual applying for benefits must demonstrate a medical condition that's of such seriousness that his or her needs exceed the routine care that may be provided by an untrained person, and therefore requires licensed nurses' supervision, assessment, planning and intervention available only in an institution.

Additionally, the individual must require medical or nursing services that:

 1. are ordered by a physician

 2. are dependent upon the individual's documented medical conditions

 3. require the skills of a registered or licensed vocational nurse

 4. are provided either directly by or under the supervision of a licensed nurse in an institution, and

5. are required on a regular basis.

Additionally, there are differences between allowances for single individuals and for spouses qualifying for the STAR&PLUS waiver program. As of Jan. 1, 2015, an individual may have up to $2,199 in monthly direct gross income and own a total of $2,000 in assets, excluding a homestead, primary vehicle, irrevocable prepaid funeral plan and burial plots. If the applicant is married (and the spouse is not also applying for Medicaid), the asset and income limits increase significantly to allow the healthy spouse to continue paying their bills.

Traditional health care and long-term care support are combined under STAR&PLUS, and the program provides services including (though not limited to) adult day care, delivered meals, home care, medical care, assistance with ADLs and respite care. With these services in place, the applicant's caregiver is able to continue working in the community or simply enjoy some personal time.

Although this program provides valuable assistance so that the Medicaid beneficiary is able to remain in the community as long as possible, the biggest challenge in the past is that Texas had a lengthy waiting list, the length of which varied depending on the waiver program budget. Some people have been on the list for many years.

Recently, the waiting list of STAR&PLUS waiver has shortened. Names are moving up to the top of the program's interest list at a more rapid rate. When your name comes to the top of the interest list, you must meet the eligibility criteria very shortly thereafter.

If you do not meet the eligibility criteria (income and resource limitations) when you are called, then you will lose your opportunity to receive care under the program. It would be beneficial to consult with an elder law attorney to ensure that you qualify in advance of starting the process.

An elder law attorney can advise you about what other assistance is available while waiting for Medicaid waiver services. Certified Elder Law Attorneys (CELAs) have years of accumulated knowledge covering a broad range of legal issues affecting seniors and persons with disabilities.

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