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What is a Personal Care Home?

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The terms “assisted living” and “personal care home” can be confusing. Sometimes they’re used interchangeably, and they can mean different things in different states. However, in Texas, the two are quite different.

 

What is a Personal Care Home?

 

Personal care homes in Texas are private residences that offer personal care services, assistance and supervision to four or more persons. All personal care homes in Texas, which provide services of a personal care nature to four or more persons unrelated to the owner, must be licensed under the Texas Department of Aging and Disability Services (DADS) licensure requirements.
 

Barton House Assisted LivingCollinfield HouseThe OaksAngels Assisted Living

 

The Texas Department of Aging and Disability Services (DADS) licenses and inspects all Texas personal care homes to ensure compliance with state regulations. Through these regulatory activities, DADS protects Texas citizens who receive long-term care services.

While the state of Texas has strict requirements for the type of care provided on site at assisted living facilities—as well as fire and safety measures on site, depending on the type of facility—personal care homes have no such requirements.

Personal care homes provide care in single-family homes in a neighborhood-like setting rather than in a facility with more of a nursing-home feel. 

There are two basic types of licensure for assisted living facilities (personal care homes):

Type A - In a Type A facility a resident must be physically and mentally capable of evacuating the facility unassisted. This may include the mobile non-ambulatory persons such as those who are in wheelchairs or electric carts and have the capacity to transfer and evacuate themselves in an emergency. This resident does not require routine attendance during nighttime sleeping hours and must be capable of following directions under emergency conditions.

Type B - In a Type B facility a resident may require staff assistance to evacuate and may be incapable of following directions under emergency conditions. They may require attendance during nighttime sleeping hours. The resident may not be permanently bedfast, but may require assistance in transferring to and from a wheelchair.

There are two sizes of Assisted Living Facilities:

Small - Small facilities are defined as those with 16 residents or less.
Large - Large facilities are defined as those with 17 residents or more.

Remember, when choosing a personal care home keep in mind that in the state of Texas, they are licensed according to size, type and building safety features so be sure to ask what type of license they have. Some personal care homes host three or fewer residents, and therefore, do not require licensing.

 

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DISCLAIMER: Links to other websites or references to products, services or publications do not imply the endorsement or approval of such websites, products, services or publications by Elder Options of Texas. The determination of the need for senior care services and the choice of a facility is an extremely important decision. Please make your own independent investigation.